iToken Bijutsu No.606j
Nihon Koto Shi
(History of Koto)h
By Dr. Honma Junji
No.13 Other Schools of San-in District
Several schools, such as the Kokaji school of Inaba Province, the Doei school of Izumo Province and the Naotsuna school of Iwami Province, had been active in the San-in District during the Muromachi Period succeeding to their traditions of the previous period. The Koga school of Hoki Province and the Chutei school of Izumo schools appeared in this period for the first time. Each school produced skilful smiths during this period.
In Inaba Province, the smith name of Kagenaga had been inherited since the end of the Kamakura Period. Kagenaga favoured tempering hoso-sugu-ha as a tradition, but there is an extant katana by him with a production date of the Oei era on which he tempered o-midare mixed with notare and gunome. This is an example of the phenomenon that occurred in the Muromachi Period, that is to say, they occasionally demonstrated exceptional workmanship outside of their traditions. There are few extant works of Kagenaga with a mei, but it is speculated that there were a several generations, inferring from the chiselling style of his mei. Also there are a few extant tanto by Kagenaga with sugu-ha. There are few extant works of other smiths of this school, but there is an extant katana with the mei of eInshu Yatsuka Gun Yamada Mura Ju Tarozaemon no Jo Yukikagef and a production date of the Choroku Era. The hamon of this katana is sugu-ha mixed with ko-notare and few hataraki in a relatively tight nioi-guchi. eKoto Mei Zukushif says that Yukikage was a son of the 2nd Kagenaga. If so, this katana is tb work of a later generation. In addition, a smith called Kanesaki moved into this province from Seki in Mino Province at the end of the Muromachi Period. The smith name was inherited by several generations up to the Edo Period.
As described before, the detail of Doei of Izumo Province is not yet known. eKoto Mei Zukushif says that Naganori (Osafune Naganori) of the Fukuoka-Ichimonji school of Bizen Province moved into this province at the end of the Kamakura Period. He then changed his smith name to Doei after he became a monk. Meanwhile, Yoshinori, Kiyonori and Naganori of the Yoshii school moved into this province from Bizen Province in the Muromachi Period. I would say that swords by the smiths of the Yoshii school, who settled in this province, have been called eYoshiif since the end of the Muromachi Period. Inferring from an extant work of the 2nd Naganori, the smith name of Doei appears to have been used by the second generation Naganori after he became a monk. He tempered a unique hamon of gunome in a regular pattern. It seems to me that there are two lineages of the Yoshii school (Kagenori and Naganori). Yoshinori, Kiyonori and Naganori who belong to the lineage of Naganori were also called eDoeif collectively. Doei smiths moved to Izumo later and they were called eIzumo Doeif. Meanwhile, smiths of the Yoshii school who stayed in Bizen were called eBizen Doeif. The smith name of eBizen Doeif is not used today, but eKanto Hiden Shof says gYoshii-mono is also called eBizen Doeif and they are the same smiths as Izumo Doei.h In those days, there was a common understanding that Yoshii-mono, Bizen Doei and Unshu (Izumo) Doei were the same smiths. There is a recent theory that Doei is a
different school from Yoshii and that Kiyomori was the founder of the Doei school and it includes Norisada and Sanesada (there are no extant work of the two smiths). The latter theory has to be proved by their extant works. Therefore I would take the former theory to explain of Doei smiths. There are swords by Doei smiths without the inscription of eDoeif and eUnshu Juf and the lineages of these smiths have yet to be studied.
gTAMONTEN TAROZAEMON (NO) JO YUKIKAGEh
gCHOROKU 2 NEN 11 GATSU HI INSHU YATSUKA GUN OITE YAMADA MURA SAKUh
gOEI 9 NEN 3 GATSU 11 NICHh
There is a smith called Tadasada or Chutei, who turned up in this province for the first time and established his school. The smith name of Tadasada was inherited for several generations and the first generation is said to have lived in Bizen Province and been active in the Bumein Era. We have confirmed his of extant works with the production dates of the Eisho, Tenbun and Bunroku Eras. There are extant works, supposedly by the first generation, which have the inscriptions of the production site eNiida Gunf and eAbe Gunf (with a production date of the Bunroku Era). Tsugusada, Namisada and Morisada, who are said to be the students of Tadasada, also left extant works. Their workmanship looks like Bizen-mono at a glance, in particular hiro-sugu-ha by Kiyomitsu of the Sue-Bizen school.
Koga of Hoki Province occurred in the middle of the Muromachi Period and the smith name was inherited by several generations up to shinto times. He appears to have been active in the Eisho and Tenbun Eras inferring from the workmanship, with the production dates of his extant works. Koga who left a work with the mei of eMita Gorozaemon no Jo Kogof and a production date of the Koji, was the second generation. The two smiths left extant works with the mei of eMita Kurobei no Jo Kogaf and eDoso-o Tojuro Kogaf. The second generation and the above two smiths appear to be the sons or students of the first generation. It is said that the first generation was a student of Soshu Tsunahiro and he tempered hitatsura and made his nakago in Soshu style. The 1st Koga was active at the same time as the 1st Tsunahiro or a little earlier. He tempered hiro-sugu-ha, notare mixed with gunome and hitatsura (on tanto). His workmanship is similar to that of Sue-Bizen smiths rather than Soshu Tsunahiro. Both lineages of Mita and Doso-o were succeeded up to shinto times. Incidentally the lineages of Mita and Doso-o had been succeeded during shinto times.
There are only few extant works of Sekishu Naotsuna with production dates. It is speculated that the second generation was active around the Eiwa Era. I have seen a katana with the mei eNaotsunaf, which appeared to be a work of the third or later generation and a tanto with the mei of eSekishu Dewa Ju Sadatsunaf which could be attributed to one of the Oei Era. eMeikanf says gThere are three generations of Sadatsuna. 1st Sadatsuna was a son of Naotsuna and there is an extant work with the production dates of Shohei 16 (or Koan 1), the Oei and Kosho Eras.h Naotsuna tempered gunome-midare and occasionally sugu-ha. Sadatsuna tempered ko-notare also gunome-midare and sugu-ha.
In fact, Naotsuna and Sadatsuna lived in Dewa and some other smiths of the school lived there as well. There is another group of smiths who lived in Nagahama and are the descendants of Naotsuna. The group includes Hirosue, Hirosada and Rinsho and they tempered a gentle notare. All of them were active in the middle of the Muromachi Period. There is an extant work of Rinsho with a production date of the Eisho Era. Hirosue appears to have been active a little earlier than Rinsho. There is an extant wakizashi by Hirosue in hira-zukuri with the horimono of fudomyo. In addition, there is an extant o-dachi of Suesada with a mei in two characters, which is attributed to one of the mid Muromachi Period. eMeikanf says gSuesada is a son of Iwami Naosada and signs in two characters. There is an extant work with the production date of Oei 19.h It is believed that any swordsmith needs exceptional forging skill to make o-dachi and then the maker tends to be attributed to one in the earlier period. There is an extant katana with the mei of eSekishu Nagahama Ju Tsuguhirof and the production date of Tenbun 3. The hamon of the katana is sugu-ha.
gHOKI (NO) KUNI JUNIN MITA GOROZAEMON (NO) JO KOGOh
gEIROKU 1 NEN 8 GATSU KICHI JITSUh
gSEKISHU DEWA SADATSUNAh
gUNSHU NIIDA GUN JU TADASADAh
Juyo Token : Wakizashi Mei gINSHU KAGENAGAh
gOEI 9 NEN 4 GTSU 21 NICHIh
Juyo Token : Katana Mei gHAKUSHU JU KOGA SAKUh
Juyo Token : Wakizashi Mei gSEKISHU DEWA SADATSUNA SAKUh